This is my second post for the Sculpture Saturday Challenge by ChasingAMemory over at the Mind Over Memory blog. I hope all of my visitors enjoy this Sculpture post. Here is the link to her blog https://mindovermemory.home.blog/2019/09/13/sculpture-saturday-week-6/
These are some brass and marble sculptures of Lord Hanuman, Kali Devi, and Shani Dev. I chose sculptures for this Saturday because Saturday is the special day for all three of these Hindu Gods and Goddess.
In Hinduism, Hanuman is an ardent devotee of Lord Rama. Hanuman, known as the Lord of Celibacy was an ideal “Brahmachari” or called Nithya Brahmachari in Sanskrit and is one of the central characters of the Indian epic Ramayana . As one of the Chiranjivi, he is also mentioned in several other texts, such as the Mahabharata and the various Puranas. Hanuman is the son of Anjani and Kesari and is also son of the wind-god Pawan also known as Vayu who according to several stories, played a role in his Avatar. Lord Hanuman is the Hindu God of Strength, Knowledge and Bhakti; Lord of Celibacy and Victory; Supreme destroyer of evil; and protector of devotees. The 16th-century Indian poet Tulsidas wrote Hanuman Chalisa, a devotional song dedicated to Hanuman. He claimed to have visions where he met face to face with Hanuman. According to Hindu belief Hanuman Chalisa is a very powerful mantra to get the blessing of Hanuman. Many people recite the Hanuman Chalisa regularly. According to belief chanting of Hanuman Chalisa protects Hanuman devotee from devil and all problems.
Mahakali is the consort of Mahakala, the god of consciousness, the basis of reality and existence. Mahakali in Sanskrit is etymologically the feminized variant of Mahakala or Great Time (which is interpreted also as Death), an epithet of the god Shiva in Hinduism. Kali and all her forms are the different manifestations of Mahakali. Mahakali is the Hindu Goddess of Time. Mahakali’s history is contained in various Puranic and Tantric Hindu Scriptures (Shastra). In these She is variously portrayed as the Adi-Shakti-Goddess Durga, the Primeval Force of the Universe, identical with the Ultimate Reality or Brahman. She is also known as the (female) Prakriti or World as opposed to the (male) Purusha or Consciousness, or as one of three manifestations of Mahadevi Durga (The Great Goddess) that represent the three Gunas or attributes in Samkhya philosophy. In this interpretation Mahakali represents Tamas or the force of inertia. A common understanding of the Devi Mahatmya (“Greatness of the Goddess”) text, a later interpolation into the Markandeya Purana, considered a core text of Shaktism (the branch of Hinduism which considers Devi Durga to be the highest aspect of Godhead), assigns a different form of the Goddess (Mahasaraswati, Mahalakshmi, and Mahakali) to each of the three episodes therein. Here Mahakali is assigned to the first episode. She is described as an abstract energy, the yoganidra of Vishnu. Brahma invokes Her and She emerges from Vishnu and He awakenes. Thereafter kills the demons Madhu-Kaitabha. She is the Goddess of time.
Shani refers to the planet Saturn, and is one of the nine heavenly objects known as Navagraha in Hindu astrology. Shani is also a male deity in the Puranas, whose iconography consists of a handsome figure carrying a sword or danda (sceptre), and sitting on a crow. He is the God of Justice in Hindu religion and delivers results to all, depending upon their thoughts, speech and deeds (karma). He also signifies spiritual asceticism, penance, discipline and hard work. His consort is goddess Manda. Shani as a planet appears in various Hindu astronomical texts in Sanskrit, such as the 5th century Aryabhatiya by Aryabhatta, the 6th-century Romaka by Latadeva and Pancha Siddhantika by Varahamihira, the 7th century Khandakhadyaka by Brahmagupta and the 8th century Sisyadhivrddidaby Lalla. These texts present Shani as one of the planets and estimate the characteristics of the respective planetary motion. Other texts such as Surya Siddhanta dated to have been complete sometime between the 5th century and 10th century present their chapters on various planets as divine knowledge linked to deities.